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2018宁夏高考英语试题【Word真题试卷】

2018-06-08 20:54:12文/李男

  英语

  第一部分听力(共两节,满分30分)

  第一节(功5小题,每小题1.5分,满分7.5分)

  听下面5短对话,每段对话后有一个小题,从题中给的A、B、C三个选项中选出最佳选项。听完每段对话后,你都有10秒钟的时间来回答有关小题和阅读下一小题。每段对话仅读一遍。

  1.whatdoesjohnfinddifficultinlearningGerman?

  A.PronunciationB.VocabulayC.Grammar

  2.Whatistheprobablerelationshipbetweenthespeakers?

  A.ColleaguesB.BrotherandsisterC.Teatherandstudent

  3.Wheredoestheconversationprobablytakeplace?

  A.InabankB.AtaticketcoffeeC.Onthetrain

  4.Whatarethespeakerstalkingabout?

  A.ArestaurantB.AstreetC.Adish

  5.Howdoesthiswomanthinkofherinterview?

  A.ItwastoughB.ItwasinterestingCItwasSuccessful

  第二节(功15小题,每小题1.5分,满分22.5分)

  听下面5短对话或独白,每段对话或独白后有几个小题,从题中给的A、B、C三个选项中选出最佳选项。听完每段对话或独白后,你将有时间阅读各个小题,每小题5秒钟;听完后,各小题有5秒钟的作答时间。每段对话或独白读两遍。

  听第6段材料,回答第6、7题。

  6.WhenwillJudygototheparty?

  A.OnMondayB.OnTuesdayC.OnWednesday

  7.WhatwillMaxdonext?

  A.FlyakiteB.ReadamagazineC.Dohishomework

  听第7段材料,回答第8、9题。

  8.Whatdoesthemansuggestdoingatfirst?

  A.GotoaconcertB.WatchingamovieC.Playingacomputergames

  9.Whatdothespeakersdecidetodo?

  A.VisitMikeB.GoboatingC.Talkawalk

  听第8段材料,回答第10至12题。

  10.Whichcolordocatsseebetterthanhumans?

  A.RedB.GreenC.Blue

  11.Whydocatsbringdeadbirdshome?

  A.Toeattherninasafeplace.

  B.Toshowofftheirhuntingskills.

  C.Tomaketheirownershappy.

  12.Howdoesthemansoundattheendoftheconversation?

  A.Grateful.B.HumorousC.Curious

  听第9段材料,回答第13至16题

  13.WhoisMacy?

  A.Ed’smother.B.Ed’steacher.C.Ed’sfriend

  14.HowdoesEdusuallygotokindergarten?

  A.BycarB.OnfootC.Bybus

  15.WhatdoesEdenjoydoingatthekindergarten、

  A.TellingstoriesB.SingingsongsC.Playingwithothers

  16.WhatdotheteacherssayaboutEd?

  A.He’scleverB.He’squietC.He’sbrave

  听第10段材料,回答第17至20题。

  17.AtwhatagedidEmilystartlearningballet?

  A.FiveB.SixC.Nine

  18.WhydidEmilymovetoToronto?

  A.Toworkforadanceschool.

  B.Toperformatadanceteacher.

  C.Tolearncontemporarydance.

  19.WhydidEmilyquitdancing.?

  A.Shewastoooldtodance.

  B.Shefailedtogetascholarship.

  C.Shelostinterestinit.

  20.HowdoesEmilyfeelaboutstoppingtraining?

  A.She’spleased.B.She’sregretful.C.She’supset

  第二部分阅读理解(共两节,满分40分)

  第一节(共15小题;每小题2分,满分30分)

  阅读下列短文,从每题所给的A、B、C和D四个选项中,选出最佳选项。

  A

  SummerActivities

  Studentsshouldreadthelistwiththeirparents/carers,andselecttwoactivitiestheywouldliketodo.Formswillbeavailableinschoolandonlineforthemtoindicatetheirchoicesandreturntoschool.Beforechoicesarefinalised,parents/carerswillbeaskedtosigntoconfirmtheirchild’schoices.

  ActivityDescriptionMemberofstaffCost

  OutdoorAdvcature(OUT)Takeyourselfoutofyourcomfortzoneforaweek,discovernewpersonalqualities,andlearnnewskills.YourwilbeabletotakeinanumberofactivitiesfromcanoeingtowildcampingonDartmoot.Learnrockclimbingandworkasateam,andenjoythegreatoutdoorenvironmengt.Mr.Clemens£140

  WWI

  Battlefields

  andParis

  (WBP)OnMondaywetraverltoLondon.AfterstayingoverninginLondon,wetravelonDay2tonorthernFrancetovisittheWorldWarIbattlefields.OnDay3wecrossintoBelgium.ThursdayseesusmaketheshortjourneytoPariswherewewillvisitDisneylandParispark,stayinguntiltaketoseetheparadeandthefireworks.Ourfinalday,Friday,seesusvisitcentralParisandtourthemainsights.Mrs.Milson£425

  Crafty

  Foxes

  (CRF)Fourdaysofproductdesigncentredaroundtextiles.Makinglovelyobjectsusingrecycledandmadematerials.Bags,cushionsanddecoraiions...Learnskillsandleavewithmondernandunusualtextiles.Mrs.Goode£30

  Pottyabout

  Potter

  (POT)VisitWarnBrosStudio,shoptobuypienic,stayovernightinanapprovedYouthHostelinStreatlry-on-Thames,guidedtourofOxfordtoseethefilmlocations,picniclunchoutsideOxford’sChristchurch,boatingonthePiverCherwellthroughtheUniversityParks,beforeheadingbacktoExeter.MissDrake£150

  21.Whichactivitywillyouchooseifyouwanttogocamping?

  A.OUTB.WBPC.CRFD.POT

  22.WhatwillthestudentsdoonTuesdaywithMrs.Wilson?

  A.TraveltoLondon

  B.Seeaparadeandfireworks

  C.TourCentralParis

  D.VisittheWWIbattleficlds

  23.HowlongdoesPottyaboutPottylast?

  A.Twodays

  B.Fourdays

  C.Fivedays

  D.Oneweek

  B

  ManyofusloveJulybecauseit’sthemonthwhennature’sberriesandstonefruitsareinabundance.ThesecolourfulandsweetjewelsformBritishColumbia’sfieldsarelittlepowerthousesofnutritionalprotection.

  Ofthecommonberries,strawberriesarehighestinvitaminC,although,becauseoftheirseeds,raspberriescontainalittlemoreprotein(蛋白质),ironandzinc(notthatfruitshavemuchprotein).Blueberriesareparticularlyhighinantioxidants(抗氧化物质).TheyellowandorangestonefruitssuchaspeachesarehighinthecarotenoidsweturnintovitaminAandwhichareantioxidants.Asforcherries(樱桃),theyaresodeliciouswhocares?However,theyarerichinvitaminC.

  Whencombinedwithberriesofslicesofotherfruits,frozenbananasmakeanexcellentbaseforthick,coolingfruitshakesandlowfat”icecream”.Forthispurpose,selectripebananasforfreezingastheyaremuchsweeter.Removetheskinandplacetheminplasticbagsorcontainersandfreeze.Ifyoulike,asqueezeoffreshlemonjuiceonthebananaswillpreventthemturningbrown.Frozenbananaswilllastseveralweeks,dependingontheirripenessandthetemperatureofthefreezer.

  Ifyouhaveajuicer,youcansimplyfeedinfrozenbananasandsomeberriesorslicedfruit.Outcomesa“soft-serve”creamydessert,tobeeatenrightaway.Thismakesafunactivityforachildren’sparty;theylovefeedingthefruitandfrozenbananasintothetopofthemachineandwatchingtheicecreamcomeoutbelow.

  24.Whatdoestheauthorseemtolikeaboutcherries?

  A.Theycontainprotein.B.TheyarehighinvitaminA.

  C.Theyhaveapleasanttaste.D.Theyarerichinantioxidants.

  25.Whyisfreshlemonjuiceusedinfreezingbananas?

  A.Tomakethemsmellbetter.B.Tokeeptheircolour.

  C.Tospeeduptheirripening.D.Toimprovetheirnutrition.

  26.Whatis“ajuicer”inthelastparagraph?

  A.Adessert.B.Adrink.

  C.Acontainer.D.Amachine.

  27.Fromwhichisthetextprobablytaken?

  A.Abiologytextbook.B.Ahealthmagazine.

  C.Aresearchpaper.D.Atravelbrochure.

  C

  Teensandyoungerchildrenarereadingalotlessorfun,accordingtoaCommonSenseMediareportpublishedMonday.

  Whilethedeclineoverthepastdecadeissteepforteenreaders,somedatainthereportshowsthatreadingremainsabigpartofmanychidren’slives,andindicateshowparentsmighthelpencouragemorereading.

  Accordingtothereport’skeyfindings,“theproportion(比例)whosaythey‘hardlyever’readforfunhasgonefrom8percentof13-year-oldsand9percentof17-year-oldsin1984to22percent27percentrespectivelytoday.”

  thereportdatashowsthatpleasurereadinglevelsforyoungerchildren,ages2-8,remainlargelythesame.Buttheamountoftimespentinreadingcachsessionhasdeelined,fromelosertoanhourormoretoclosertoahalfhourpersession.

  Whenitcomestotechnologyandneeding,thereportdoeslittletocounsel(建议)parenstlookingfordataabouttheeffectofe-readersandtable tsonreading.Itdoespointoutthatmanyparentsstilllimitelectronicreading,mainlyduetoconcernsaboutincreasedscreentime.

  Themosthopefuldatasharedinthereportshowsclearevidenceofparentsservingasexamplesandimportantguidesfortheirkidswhenitcomestoreading.Datashowsthatkidsandteenswhodoreadfrequently,comparedtoinfrequentreaders,havemorebooksinthehome,morebookspurchasedforthem,parentswhoreadmoreoften,andparentswhosetasidetimeforthemtoread.

  Astheendofschoolaooroaches,andschoolvacationreadinglistsloom(逼近)ahead,parentsmighttakethischancetostepinandmaketheirownsummerreadinglistandplanafamilytriptothelibraryorbookstore.

  28.WhatistheCommonSenseMediareportprobablyabout?

  A.Children'sreadinghabits

  B.Qualityofchildren'sbooks

  C.Children'safter-classactivities

  D.Parent-childrelationships

  29.Wherecanyoufindthedatathatbestsupports"childrenarereadingalotlessforfun"?

  A.Inparagraph2

  B.Inparagraph3

  C.Inparagraph4

  D.Inparagraph5

  30.Whydomanyparentslimitelectronicreading?

  A.E-booksareofpoorquality

  B.Itcouldbewasteoftime

  C.Itmayharmchildren'shealth

  D.E-readersareexpensive

  31.Howshouldparentsencouragetheirchildrentoreadmore?

  A.Actasrolemodelsforthem

  B.Askthentowritebookreports

  C.Setupreadinggroupsforthem

  D.Talkwiththeirreadingclassteachers

  D

  We'veallbeenthere:inalift,inlineatthebankoronairplane,surroundedbypeoplewhoare,likeus,deeplyfocusedontheirsmartphonesor,worse,strugglingwiththeuncomfortable silence.

  What’stheproblem?It’spossiblethatweallhavecompromisedconversationalintelligence.It’smorelikelythatnoneofusstartaconversationbecauseit’sawkwardandchallenging,orwethinkit’sannoyingandunnecessary.Butthenexttimeyoufindyourselfamongstrangers,considerthatsmalltalkisworththetrouble.Expertssayit’saninvaluablesocialpracticethatresultsinbigbenefits.

  Dismissingsmalltalkasunimportantiseasy,butwecan’tforgetthatdeeprelationshipswouldn’tevenexistifitweren’tforcasualconversation.Smalltalkisthegrease(润滑剂)forsocialcommunication,saysBernardoCarducci,directoroftheShynessResearchInstituteatIndianaUniversitySoutheast.“Almosteverygreatlovestoryandeachbigbusinessdealbeginswithsmalltalk,”heexplains.”Thekeytosuccessfulsmalltalkislearninghowtoconnectwithothers,notjustcommunicatewiththem.”

  Ina2014study,ElizabethDunn,associateprofessorofpsychologyatUBC,invitedpeopleontheirwayintoacoffeeshop.Onegroupwasaskedtoseekoutaninteraction(互动)withitswaiter;theother,tospeakonlywhennecessary.Theresultsshowedthatthosewhochattedwiththeirserverreportedsignificantlyhigherpositivefeelingsandabettercoffeeshopexperience."It'snotthattalkingtothewaiterisbetterthantalkingtoyourhusband,"saysDunn."Butinteractionswithperipheral(边缘的)membersofoursocialnetworkmatterforourwell-beingalso."

  Dunnbelievesthatpeoplewhoreachouttostrangersfeelasignificantlygreatersenseofbelonging,abondwithothers.Carduccibelievesdevelopingsuchasenseofbelongingstartswithsmalltalk."Smalltalkisthebasisofgoodmanners,"hesays.

  32.Whatphenomenonisdescribedinthefirstparagraph?

  A.Addictiontosmartphones.

  B.Inappropriatebehavioursinpublicplaces.

  C.Absenceofcommunicationbetweenstrangers.

  D.Impatiencewithslowservice.

  33.WhatisimportantforsuccessfulsmalltalkaccordingtoCarducci?

  A.Showinggoodmanners.B.Relatingtootherpeople.

  C.Focusingonatopic.D.Makingbusinessdeals.

  34.Whatdoesthecoffee-shopstudysuggestaboutsmalltalk?

  A.Itimprovesfamilyrelationships.B.Itraisespeople'sconfidence.

  C.Itmattersasmuchasaformaltalk.D.Itmakespeoplefeelgood.

  35.Whatisthebesttitleforthetext?

  A.ConversationCounts

  B.WaysofMakingSmallTalk

  C.BenefitsofSmallTalk

  D.Uncomfortable Silence

  第二节(共5小题;每小题2分,满分10分)

  根据短文内容,从短文后的选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳选项。选项中有两项为多余选项。

  Ifyouarealreadymakingthetimetoexercise,itisgoodindecd!Withsuchbusylives,itcanbehardtotryandfindthetimetoworkout.36Workingoutinthemoringprovidesadditionalbenefitsbeyondbeingphysicallyfit.

  Yourproductivityisimproved.Exerecisingmakesyoumoreawakeandreadytohandlewhateverisaheadofyoufortheday.37

  Yourmetabolism(新陈代谢)getsaheadstart.38Ifyouworkoutinthemornings,thenyouwillbegettingthecalorie(卡路里)burningbenefitsforthewholeday.notinyoursleep.

  39Studiesfoundthatpeoplewhowokeupearlyforexercisesleptbetterthasthosewhoexercisedinevening.Exeriseenergizesyou,soitismorediffcilttorealxandhaveapeacefulsleepwhenyouareveryexcited.

  40Ifyouworkoutbrightandearlyinthemorning.youwillbemorelikelytosticktohealthyfoodchoicesthroughouttheday.Whowouldwanttoruintheirgoodworkoutbyeatingjunkfood?Youwillwanttocontinuetofoucsonpositivechoices.

  Therearealotofbenefitstoworkingout,especiallyinthemornings.Setyouralarmclockanhourearlyanhourearlyandpushyourselftoworkout!Youwillfeelenergizedalldaylong.

  A.Youwillsticktoyourdiet.

  B.Yourqualityofsleepimproves.

  C.Youpreferhealthyfoodtofastfood.

  D.Thereisnoreasonyoushouldexerciseinthemorning.

  E.Youcankeepyourheadclearfor4-10hoursafterexercise.

  F.Afteryouexercise,youcontinuetoburncaloriesthroughouttheday.

  G.Ifyouareplanningtodoexerciseregularly,oryou’redoingitnow,thenlistenup!

  第三部分语言知识运用(共两节,满分45分)

  第一节(共20小题:每小题1.5分,满分30分)

  阅读下面短文,从短文后各题所给的A,B,C和D四个选项中,选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项。

  Twoweeksearlier.Myson.Ben,hadgotintouch,he’dmovedtoEnglandwithhismumwhenhewasthreeandithadbeen13yearssinceI’d41seenhim.Soimaginemy42whenheemailedmesayinghewantedtocometovisitme.

  Iwas43!IarrivedearlyatByronBaywhereweweresupposedto44.Thebaywas45insunshine,andtherewasagroupofkayakersaround150mofftheshore.Gettingalittle46.Irealizedonekayak(皮划艇)wasin47.“Something’snot48!”ItookoffmyT-shirtand49intothewater.Isawthereweretwoinstructorsonboardandamanlyingacrossthemiddle.Hewas50violently.Linkingarmswithoneoftheinstructors.Ihelped51theyoungmanoutofthewater.HewasunconsciousandasIlookedathisface,something52tome.Thosebrowneyeswerevery53.“What’shisname?”Iaskedtheinstructor.“Ben,”hereplied,andimmediatelyI54.Thatstrangerwasmyson!

  Theinstructorscalledforanambulance.55,afterabriefastayinhospital.Benwaswellenoughtobeallowedto56andlaterthefamilymetupfordinner.WechattedabouteverythingandthenBen57tome.“I’mjustwanttosaythankyou,”hesaid,“You58mylife!”

  Istillcan’tbelievewhata59itwas.I’mjustsogladIwasthere60tohelpmyson.

  41.A.alsoB.oftenC.evenD.last

  42.A.delightB.reliefC.angerD.worry

  43.A.scaredB.shockedC.thrilledD.ashamed

  44.A.talkB.stayC.meetD.settle

  45.A.bathedB.cleanC.deepD.settle

  46.A.fasterB.closerC.heavierD.wiser

  47.A.troubleB.advanceC.questionD.battle

  48.A.realB.rightC.fairD.fit

  49.A.statedB.sankC.divedD.fell

  50.A.arguingB.fightingC.shoutingD.shaking

  51.A.leadB.persuadeC.carryD.keep

  52.A.happenedB.occurredC.appliedD.appealed

  53.A.sharpB.pleasantC.attractiveD.familiar

  54.A.agreedB.hesitatedC.doubtedD.knew

  55.A.FortunatelyB.FranklyC.SadlyD.Suddenly

  56.A.returnB.relaxC.speakD.leave

  57.A.jokedB.turnedC.listenedD.pointed

  58.A.createdB.honoredC.savedD.guided

  59.A.coinicidenceB.changeC.pityD.pain

  60.A.obboardB.intimeC.forsureD.onpurpose

  第二节(共10小题:每小题1.5分,满分15分)

  阅读下面短文,在空白处填入1个适当的单词或括号内单词的正确形式。

  DietshavechangedinChina-andsotoohasitstopcrop.Since2011,thecountry61(grow)morncornthanrice.Cornproductionhasjumpednearly125percentover62past25years,whilericehasincreasedonly7percent.

  Atasteformeatis63(actual)behindthechange.Animportantpartofitscornisusedtofeedchickens,pigs,andcattle.Anotherreasonforcorn'srise.Thegovernmentencouragesfarmerstogrowcorninsteadofrice64(improve)waterquality.Cornuseslesswater65riceandcreateslessfertilizer(化肥)runoff.Thisswitchhasdecreased66(pollute)inthecountry'smajorlakesandreservoirsandmadedrinkingwatersaferforpeople.

  AccordingtotheWorldBank,Chinaaccountsforabout30percentoftotal67(globe)fertilizerconsumption.TheChineseMinistryofAgriculturefindsthatbetween2005-whenthegovernment68(start)asoil-testingprogram69givesspecifiefertilizerrccommendationstofarmers-and2011,fertilizerusedroppedby7.7milliontons.Thatpreventedtheemission(排放)of51.8milliontonsofcarbondioxide.China'sapproachtoprotectingitsenvironmentwhile70(feed)itseitizens"offersusefullessonsforagricultureandfoodpolicymakersworldwide."saysthebank'sJuergenVoegele.

  第四部分写作(共两节,满分35分)

  第一节短文改错(共10小题:每小题1分,满分10分)

  假定英语课上老师要求同桌之间交换修改作文,请你修改你同桌写的一下作文,文中共有10处语言错误,每句中最多有两处,每处错误仅涉及一个单词的增加,删改或修改。

  增加:在缺词处加一个漏字符号(^),并在其下面写出该加的词。

  删除:把多余的词用斜线(\)划掉。

  修改:在错的词下划一横线,并在该词下面写出修改后的词。

  注意:1.每处错误及修改均仅限一词;

  2.只允许修改10处,多者(从第11处起)不计分。

  WhenIwaslittle,Friday'snightwasourfamilygamilygamenight.Aftersupper,wewouldplaycardgamesofallsortinthesittingroom.Asthekid,Ilovedtowatchcartoons,butnomatterhowmanytimesIaskedtowatchingthem,myparentswouldnottoletme.Theywouldsaytousthatplayingcardgameswouldhelpmybrain.StillIunwilingtoplaythegamesforthemsometimes.Ididn'trealizehowrightmyparentsareuntilIenteredhighschool.ThegamesmyparentstaughtmewhereIwasachildturnedouttobeveryusefullaterinmylife.

  第二节书面表达(满分25分)

  你受学生会委托为校宣传“英语天地”写一则通知,请大家观看一部英语短文GrowingTogether,内容包括:

  1、短片内容:学校的发展;

  2、放映时间、地点;

  3、欢迎对短片提出意见。

  注意:

  1、词数100词左右;

  2、可以适当增加细节,以使行文连贯。

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