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2017宁夏高考英语试题及答案(word精校版)

2017-06-08 18:33:35文/孙文婷

2017年普通高等学校招生全国统一考试

英 语

本试卷共150分,共14页。考试结束后,将本试卷和答题卡一并交回。

注意事项:

1.答题前,考生先将自己的姓名、准考证号码填写清楚,将条形码准确粘贴在条形码区域内。

2.选择题必须使用2B铅笔填涂;非选择题必须使用0.5毫米黑字迹的签字笔书写,字体

整,笔迹清楚。

3.请按照题号顺序在各题目的答题区域内作答,学&科网超出答题区域书写的答案无效;在草稿纸、试题卷上答题无效。

4.作图可先用铅笔画出,确定后必须用黑色字迹的签字笔描黑。

5.保持卡面清洁,不要折叠、不要弄破、弄皱,不准使用涂改液、修正带、刮纸刀。

第一部分 听力(共两节,满分30分)

做题时,先将答案标在试卷上,录音结束后,你将有两分钟的时间将试卷上的答案转涂到答题卡上。

第一节(共5小题,每小题1.5分,满分7.5分)

听下面5段对话,每段对话后有一个小题,从题中所给的A、B、C三个选项中选出最佳答案,听完每段对话后,你都有10秒钟的时间来回答有关小题和阅读下一小题。每段对话尽读一遍。

例:Howmuchistheshirt?

答案是C。

1.What willthewomandothisafternoon?

A.DosomeexerciseB.Goshopping C.Washherclothes

2.Whydoesthewomancalltheman?

A.Tocancelaflight B.Tomakeanapology C.Toputoffameeting 

3.HowmuchmoredoesDavidneedforthecar?

A$5,000B$20,000C$25,000

4.WhatisJanedoing?

A.PlanningatourB.CallingherfatherC.Askingforleave

5.Howdoesthemanfeel?

A.Tied B.Dizzy C.Thirsty 

第二节(共15小题;每小题1.5分,满分22.5分)

听下面5段对话或独白。每段对话或独白后有几个小题,从题中所给的A、B、C三个选项中选出最佳选项。听每段对话或独白前,你将有时间阅读各个小题,每小题5秒钟;听完后,各小题将给出5秒钟的作答时间。每段对话或独白读两遍。

听第6段材料,回答第6、7题。

6.WhatdoesJackwanttodo?

A.WatchTV. B.Playoutside. C.Gotothezoo.

7.Wheredoestheconversationprobablytakeplace?

A.Athome. B.Inacinema. C.Inasupermarket.

听第7段材料,回答第8至10题。

8.WhatdoesRicharddo?

A.He’sanewsman. B.He’samanager. C.He’saresearcher.

9.WhereisRichardgoingnextweek?

A.Birmingham. B.MexicoCity. C.Shanghai.

10.Whatwillthespeakersdotomorrow?

A.Eatouttogether. B.Visitauniversity. C.SeeProfessorHayes.

听第8段材料,回答第11至13题。

11.Whatistheprobablerelationshipbetweenthespearkers?

A.Schoolfriends.

B.Teacherandstudent.

C.Librarianandlibraryuser.

12.WhydoesJimsuggestMarybuythebook?

A.It’ssoldatadiscountprice.

B.It’simportantforherstudy.

C.It’swrittenbyProfessorLee.

13.WhatwillJimdoforMary?

A.Sharehisbookwithher.

B.Lendhersomemoney.

C.AskHenryforhelp.

听第9段材料,回答第14至16题。

14.WheredoesStellalive?

A.InMemphis B.InBoston C.InStLouis 

15.Whatwouldpeterandhisfamilyliketodoonbealestreet?

A.Visitamuseum B.Listentimusic C.Havedinner 

16.Whatkindofhoteldoespeterprefer?

A.Abigone B.Aquiteone C.Amodernone 

听第10段材料,回答第17至20题。

17.Howmanylabsessionswillthestudentshaveeveryweek?

A.One B.Two C.Three

18.Whatarethestudentsallowedtowearinthelab?

A.Longscarves B.Looseclothes C.Tennisshoes

19.Whyshouldthestudentsavoidmixingliquidwithpaper?

A.Itmaycauseafire B.Itmaycreatewaste C. Itmayproducepollution

20.Whatdoesthespeakermainlytalkabout?

A.Gradesthestudentwillreceive 

B.Rulesthestudentsshouldfollow 

C.Experimentsthestudentswilldo.

第二部分 阅读理解(共两节,满分40分)

第一节                (共15小题;每小题2分,满分30分)

阅读下列短文,从每题所给的A、B、C、D四个选项中,选出最佳答案。

A

Inthecomingmonths,wearebringingtogetherartistsformallovertheglobe,toenjoyspeakingshakespeare’splaysintheirownlanguage,inourglobe,withinthearchitectureshakespearewrotefor.pleasecomeandjoinus.

NationalTheatreOfChina Beijing|Chinese

Thisgreatoccasion(盛会)willbethenationaltheatreofchina’sfirstvisittotheuk.Thecompany’sproductionsshowthenewfaceof21stcenturychinesetheatre.Thisproductionof

Shakespeare’sRichardIIIwillbedirectedbytheNational’sAssociateDirector,WangXiaoying.

Date&Time:Saturday28April,2.30pm&Sunday29April,1.30pm&6.30pm

MarjanishviliTheatre TbilisilGeorgian

OneofthemostfamoustheatresinGeorgia,theMarjanishvili,foundedin1928,appearsregularlyattheatrefestivalsallovertheworld.ThisnewproductionofAsYouLikeItishelmed(指导)bythecompany’sArtisticDirectorLevanTsuladze.

Date&Time:Friday18May,2.30pm&Sunday19May,7.30pm

DeafinitelyTheaterLondonlBritishSign Language(BSL)

BytranslatingtherichandhumouroustaxtofLove’sLabour’sLostintothephysicallanguageofBSL,DeafinitelyThertrecreatesanewinterpretationofShakespeare’scomedyandaimstobuildabridgebetweendeafandhearingworldsbyperformingtobothgroupsasoneaudience.

Date&Time:Tueaday22May,2.30pm&Wednesday23May,7.30pm

HabimaNationalTheatreTelAvivlHebrew

TheHabimaisthecentreofHebrew-languegetheatreworldwide,FoundedinMoscowafterthe1905revolution,thecompanyeventuallysettledinTelAvivinthelate1920s,Since1958,theyhavebeenrecognizedasthenationaltheatreofIsrael.ThisproductionofShakespeare’sTheMerchantofVenicemarkstheirfirstvisittotheUK.

DateDate&Time:Monday28May,7.30&Tuesday29May,7.30pm

21.whichplaywillbeperformedbytheNationalTheatreofChina?

A.RichardⅢ. B.Lover’sLabour’sLost

C.AsYouLikeIt D.ThemerchantofVenice

22.WhatisspecialaboutDeafinnitelyTheatre?

A.Tthastwogroupsofactors B.ItistheleadingtheatreinLondon

C.ItperformsplaysinBSL D.Itisgoodatprductingcomedies

23.WhencanyouseeaplayinHebrew?

A.Onsuturday28Apil. B.OnSunday29April

C.OnTuesday22May. D.OnTuesday29May

B

IfirstmetPaulNewmanin1968,whenGeorgeRoyHill,thedirectorofButchCassidyandtheSundanceKid,introducedusinNewYorkCity.Whenthestudiodidn’twantmeforthefilm—itwantedsomebodyaswellknownasPaul—hestoodupforme.Idon’tknowhowmanypeoplewouldhavedonethat;theywouldhavelistenedtotheiragentsorthestudiopowers.

ThefriendshipthatgrewoutoftheexperienceofmakingthatfilmandTheStingfouryearslaterhaditsrootinthefactthatalthoughtherewasanagedifference,webothcamefromatraditionoftheaterandliveTV.Wewererespectfulofcraft(技艺)andfocusedondiggingintothecharactersweweregoingtoplay.BothofushadthequalitiesandvirtuesthataretypicalofAmericanactors:humorous,aggressive,andmakingfunofeachother—butalwayswithanunderlyingaffection.Thosewerealsoatthecore(核心)ofourrelationshipoffthescreen.

Wesharedthebriefthatifyou’refortunateenoughtohavesuccess,youshouldputsomethingback—hewithhisNewman’sOwnfoodandhisHoleintheWallcampsforkidswhoareseriouslyill,andmewithSundanceandtheinstituteandthefestival.PaulandIdidn’tseeeachotherallthatregularly,zxx.kbutsharingthatbroughtustogether.Wesupportedeachotherfinanciallyandbyshowingupatevents.

Ilastsawhimafewmonthsago.He’dbeenin andoutofthehospital.HeandIbothknewwhatthedealwas,andwedidn’ttalkaboutit.Ourswasarelationshipthatdidn’tneedalotofwords.

24.Whywasthestudiounwillingtogivetheroletoauthoratfirst?

A.PaulNewmanwantedit.

B.Thestudiopowersdidn’tlikehisagent.

C.Hewasn’tfamousenough.

D.Thedirectorrecommendedsomeoneelse.

25.WhydidPaulandtheauthorhavealastingfriendship?

A.Theywereofthesamedge.

B.Theyworkedinthesametheater.

C.Theywerebothgoodactors.

D.Theyhansimilarcharactertics.

26.Whatdoestheunderlinedword“that”inparagraph3referto?

A.Theirbelief.

B.Theircareforchileden.

C.Theirsuccess.

D.Theirsupportforeachother.

27.Whatistheauthor’spurposeinwritingthetest?

A.Toshowhisloveoffilms.

B.Torememberafriend.

C.Tointroduceanewmovie.

D.Tosharehisactingexperience.

C

TerrafugiaInc.saidMondaythatitsnewflyingcarhascompleteditsfirstflight,bringingthecompanyclosertoitsgoalofsellingtheflyingcarwithinthenextyear.Thewehicle-namedtheTransition–hastwoseatswheelsandwingsthatfoldupsoitcanbedrivenlikeacar.TheTransition,whichflewat1,400feetforeightminuteslastmonth,canreacharound70milesperhourontheroadand115inthefliesusinga23-gallontankofgasandbums5gallonsperhourintheair.Ontheground,itgets35milespergallon.

Around100peoplehavealreadyputdowna$10,000deposittogetaTransitionwhentheygoonsale,andthosenumberswilllikelyriseafterTerrafugiaintroducestheTransitiontothepubliclaterthisweekattheNewYorkAutoShow.Butdon’t expectittoshowupintoomanydriveways.It’sexpectedtocost$279,000.Anditwon’t helpifyou’restuckintraffic.Thecarneedsarunway.

Inventorshavebeentryingtomakeflyingcarssincethe1930s,accordingtoRobertMann,anairlineindustryexpert.ButMannthinksTerrafugiahascomecloserthananyonetomakingtheflyingcarareality.Thegovemmenthasalreadypermittedz&xxkthecompanytousespecialmaterialstomakeiteasierforthevehicletofly.TheTransition isnowgoingthroughcrashteststomakesureitmeetsfederalsafetysiandards.

MannsaidTerrafugiawashelpedbytheFederalAviationAdministration’sdecisionfiveyearsagotocreateaseparatesetofstandardsforlightsportaircraft,whicharelowerthanthoseforpilotsoflargerplanes.Terrafugiasaysanownerwouldneedtopassatestandcomplete 20 hours of flying time to be able to fly the Transition,a requirement pilots would find relatively easy to meet.

28.Whatisthefirstparagraphmainlyabout?

A.ThebasicdataoftheTransition. B.Theadvantagesofflyingcars.

C.Thepotentialmarketforflyingcars. C.ThedesignersoftheTransition.

29.WhyistheTransitionunlikelytoshowupintoomanydriveways?

A.Itcauserstrafficjams. B.Itisdifficulttooperate.

C.Itisveryexpensive. D.Itbumstoomuchfuel.

30.Whatisthegovemment’sattitudetothedevelopmentoftheflyingcar?

A.Cautious B.Favorable.

C.Ambiguous. D.Disapproving.

31.Whatisthebesttitleforthetext?

A.FlyingCaratAutoShow B.TheTransition’sFistFlight

C.Pilots’DreamComingTrue D.FlyingCarClosertoReality

Whenaleafyplantisunderattack,itdoesn’t sitquietly.Backin1983,twoscientists,JackSchultzandIanBaldwin,reportedthatyoungmapletreesgettingbittenbyinsectssendoutaparticularsmellthatneighboringplantscanget.Thesechemicalscomefromtheinjuredpartsoftheplant andseemtobeanalarm.Whattheplantspumpthroughtheairisamixtureofchemicalsknownasvolatileorganiccompounds,VOCsforshort.

ScientistshavefoundthatallkindsofplantsgiveoutVOCswhenbeingattacked.It’saplant’swayofcryingout.Butisanyonelistening?Apparently.Becausewecanwatchtheneighboursreact.

Someplantspumpoutsmellychemicalstokeepinsectsaway.Butothersdodoubleduty.Theypumpoutperfumesdesignedtoattractdifferentinsectswhoarenaturalenemiestotheattackers.Oncetheyarrive,thetable sareturned.Theattackerwhoarenaturalenemiestotheattackers.zxx|kOncetheyarrive,thetable sareturned.Theattackerwhowaslunchingnowbecomeslunch.

Instudyafterstudy,itappearsthatthesechemicalconversationshelptheneighbors.Thedamageisusuallymoreseriousonthefirstplant,buttheneighbors,relativelyspeaking,staysaferbecausetheyheardthealarmandknewwhattodo.

 Does this mean that plants talk to each other? Scientists don’t know. Maybe the first plant just made a cry of pain or was sending a message to its own branches, and so, in effect, was talking to itself. Perhaps the neighbors just happened to “overhear” the cry. So information was exchanged, but it wasn’t a true, intentional back and forth.
Charles Darwin, over 150 years ago, imagined a world far busier, noisier and more intimate(亲密的) than the world we can see and hear. Our senses are weak. There’s a whole lot going on.
32. What does a plant do when it is under attack?
A. It makes noises. B. It gets help from other plants.
C. It stands quietly D. It sends out certain chemicals.
33. What does the author mean by “the table s are turned” in paragraph 3?
A. The attackers get attacked.
B. The insects gather under the table .
C. The plants get ready to fight back.
D. The perfumes attract natural enemies.

34.Scientistsfindfromtheirstudiesthatplantscan .

A.predictnaturaldisasters B.protectthemselvesagainstinsects

C.talktooneanotherintentionallyD.helptheirneighborswhennecessary

35.whatcanweinferfromthelastparagraph?

A.Thewordischangingfasterthanever.

B.Peoplehavestrongersensesthanbefore

C.Theworldismorecomplexthanitseems

D.PeopleinDarwin’stimewereimaginative.

第二节(共5小题;每小题2分,满分10分)

根据短文内容,从短文后的选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳选项。选项中有两项为多余选项。Interruptionsareoneoftheworstthingstodealwithwhileyou’retryingtogetworkdone. 36 ,thereareseveralwaystohandlethings.Let’stakealookatthemnow.37 .Tellthepersonyou’resorryandexplainthatyouhaveamillionthingstodoandthenaskiftheofyoucantalkatadifferenttime.www.gaosan.com

Whenpeopletrytointerruptyou,havesethoursplannedandletthemknowtocomebackduringthattimeorthatyou’llfindthemthen. 38 .Itcanhelptoeliminate(消除)futureinterruptions.

Whenyouneedtosomeone,don’tdoitinyourownoffice. 39 .it’smucheaseiertoexcuseyourselftogetbacktoyourworkthanifyoutrytogetsomeoneoutofyourspaceevenafterexplaininghowbusyyouare

Ifyouhaveadoortoyouroffice,makegooduseofit. 40 .Ifsomeoneknocksandit’snotanimportantmatter.Excuseyourselfandletthepersonknowyou’rebusysotheycangetthehint(暗示)thanwhenthedoorisclosed,you’renottobedisturbed.

A.Ifyou’rebusy,don’t feel bad about saying no

B.When you wanttoavoid interruptionsatworkzxx.k

C.Setboundariesforyourself asyour timegoes

D.Ifyou’re intheother person’s office or in apublicarcea

E.It’simportant that you let themknow when you’ll beavailable

F.Itmight seem unkind to cutpeople shirt when they interrupt you

G.Leaveitopenwhenyou’reavailabletotalkandcloseitwhenyou’renot

第三部分语言知识运用(共两节,满分45分)

第一节(共20小题:每小题1.5分,满分30分)

阅读下面短文,从短文后各题所给的A、B、C和D四个选项中,选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项。

In1973,Iwasteachingelementaryschool.Eachday,27kids 41 “TheThinkingLaboratory.”Thatwasthe 42 studentsvotedforafterdecidingthat“Room104”wastoo 43 .

Freddywasanaverage 44 ,butnotanaverageperson.Hehadtherarebalanceoffunandcompassion(同情).Hewould 45 theloudestoverfunandbethesaddestoveranyone’s 46 .

Beforetheschoolyear 47 ,Igavethekidsaspecial 48 ,T-shertswiththewords“VerbsAreYour 49 onthem.Ihadadvisedthekidsthatwhileverbs(动词)mayseemdull,mostofthe 50 thingstheydothroughouttheirliveswillbeverbs.

Throughtheyears,I’drunintoformerstudentswhowouldprovide 51 onoldclassmates.IlearnedthatFreddydidseveraljobsafterhis 52 fromhighschoolandremainedthesame 53 personImetfortyyearsbefore.Once,whileworkingovernightatastore,heletahomelessman 54 inhistruck.Anothertime,he 55 afriendmoneytobuyahouse.

Justlastyear,Iwas 56 aworkshopwhensomeoneknockedattheclassroomdoor.Awoman 57 theinterruptionandhandedmeanenvelope.Istoppedteachingand 58 itup.Insidewerethe“Verbs”shertanda 59 fromFreddy’smonther.“FreddypassedawayonThanksgiving.Hewantedyoutohavethis.”www.gaosan.com

Itoldthestory totheclass.Assadasitwas,Icouldn’thelpsmiling.AlthoughFreddywastakenfromus,weall 60 somethingfrom Freddy.

41.A.built B.entered C.decorated D.ran

42.A.name B.rule C.brand D.plan

43.A.small B.dark C.strange D.dull

44.A.scholar B.student C.citizen D.worker

45.A.speak B.sing C.question D.laugh

46.A.misfortune B.disbelief C.dishonesty D.mistake

47.A.changed B.approached C.returned D.ended

48.A.lesson B.gife C.report D.message

49.A.friends B.Awards C.Masters D.Tasks

50.A.simple B.unique C.fun D.clever

51.A.assessments B.comments C.instructions D.updates

52.A.graduation B.retirement C.separation D.resignation

53.A.daring B.modest C.caring D.smart

54.A.wait B.sleep C.study D.live

55.A.paid B.charged C.lent D.owed

56.A.observing B.preparing C.designing D.conducting

57.A.regretted B.avoided C.excused D.ignored

58.A.opened B.packed C.gave D.held

59.A.picture B.bill C.note D.diary

60.A.chose B.took C.expected D.borrowed

第二节(共10小题;每小题1.5分,满分15分)

阅读下面短文,在空白处填入1个适当的单词或括号内单词的正确形式。

In1863thefirstundergroundpassengerrailwayintheworldopenedinLondon.Itranforjustundersevenkilometersandallowedpeopletoavoidterrible__61__(crowd)ontheroadsaboveastheytravelledtoand___62__word.Ittookthreeyearstocompleteandwasbuiltusinganinterestingmethod.Thisincludeddigginguptheroad,____63___(lay)thetrackandthenbuildingastrongroofover___64___top.Whenallthosehadbeendone,theroadsurfacewasreplaced.

 Steamengines___65__(use)topullthecarriagesanditmusthavebeen___66__(fair)unpleasantforthepasssengers,withallthesmokeandnoise.However,therailwayquicklyprovedtobeagreatsuccessandwithinsixmonths,morethan25,000peoplewereusing___67__everyday.

 Later,engineers____68___(manage)toconstructrailwaysinasystemofdeeptunnels(隧道),whichbecameknowntothetube.Thisdevelopmentwasonlypossiblewiththe___69___(introduce)ofelectric-poweredenginesandlifts.ThecentralLondonRailwaywasoneofthemost___70___(success)ofthesenewlines,andwasopenedin1900.Ithadwhite-paintedtunnelsandbrightredcarriages,andprovedextremelypopularwiththepublic.

第四部分写作(共两节,满分35分)

第一节 短文改错(共10小题;每小题1分,满分10分)

假定英语课上老师要求同桌之间交换修改作文,请你修改你同桌写的以下作文。文中共有10处语言错误,每句中最多有两处;每处错误仅涉及一个单词的增加、删除或修改。

增加:在缺词处加一个漏字符号(∧),并在其下面写出该加的词。

删除:把多余的词用斜线(\)划掉。

修改:在错的词下划一横线,并在该词下面写出修改的词。

注意:1.每处错误及其修改均仅限一词

2.只允许修改10处,多者(从第11处起)不计分。

Mr.andMrs.Zhangallworkinourschool.Theylivefarfromtheschool,andittakesthemaboutahourandahalftogotoworkeveryday.Intheirsparetime,theyareinterestinginplantingvegetable sintheirgarden,thatisontherooftopoftheirhouse.Theyoftengetupearlierandwaterthevegetable stogether.Theyhavealsoboughtforsomegardeningtools.beside,theyoftengetsomeusefulinformationsfromtheinternet.Whensummercame,theywillinvitetheirstudentspickthevegetable s!

第二节书面表达(满分25分)

假定你是李华,想邀请邀请外教Henry一起参观中国剪纸(paper-cutting)艺术展。请给他写封邮件,内容包括:

1.展览时间、地点;

2.展览内容。

注意:

1.词数100左右;

2.可以适当增加细节,以使行文连贯。

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